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Japan's current administrative districts are, one municipality ( Tokyo city), one region ( Hokkaido prefecture), 2 metropolitan districts ( Osaka city and Kyoto city) and 43 prefectures. Altogether they make 47 prefectural districts and are known as the [Itto, ichi dou, ni fu, yon ju san ken] or one city, one region, two metropoles and 43 prefectures.
Most of the prefectural districts have a flower, tree, bird, animal, song, or flag etc that serve as their established symbol. They also have a logo known as a Ken sho. Their designs symbolically express either the topography, history, or culture etc of each of the prefectures.
Many Ken sho feature the characters in the prefectures' names and local special products among other things. Also they often feature the shape of the prefecture designed artistically. When I travel by car, I like to confirm the logo of each prefecture at the prefectural border ( on the “From this point you are entering XX prefecture” sign)